TMJ disorders can be quite painful and include migraines, neck and shoulder pain, and a host of other symptoms. In addition, TMJ problems can make it difficult to eat, swallow, and yawn.
Jaw clenching and tooth grinding (BRUXISM) is thought to be involuntary anxiety–relieving mechanisms. These most frequently occur during sleep and therefore patients are often unaware that they are happening. TMJ problems can be difficult to diagnose.
TMJ disorders can be treated as follow:
The recent successful treatment of Bruxism by Dr Zadshir through Botox has made an great impact on patients with TMJ dysfunction. When Botox is injected, it inhibits the release of certain chemical at the junction between nerve and muscle which is responsible for contraction. This helps in relaxation of muscles which in turn gives a pain relief and over period of time make it possible for the disc to repair itself.
These are designed to re- program the chewing muscles. These are similar to sports mouth guards. They are worn over the teeth to provide a Cushion which in turn reduces muscle activity and muscle spasm. It can also help to move a displaced disc back into position.
These are many and varied and may help symptoms by providing pain relief and muscle relaxation.
Ultrasound and deep heat treatments may relieve symptoms.
Although rarely necessary for TMJ dysfunction, a closer and more detailed look at the joint using an arthroscope (camera put into the joint) may be necessary. If all else fails open surgery of the joint may be indicated.